Indices
From NARS2000


R is a simple array of nonnegative integers.  
For vector R, Z is an integer vector. For all other ranks of R, Z is a nested vector of integer vectors. In both case the length of Z is +/,R.  
For scalars or vectors, the result is equivalent to R/⍳⍴R which encapsulates a very common idiom in one symbol.  
For higher rank arrays, the result extends to produce a nested vector of vectors of the indices of all the positive integer elements of R replicated as per the corresponding value in R.  
This function is sensitive to ⎕IO. 
For example, in origin0
⍸,3
0 0 0
⍬⍬⍬≡⍸3 ⍝ for scalar S, ⍸S ←→ S⍴⊂⍬ as per the definition R/⍳⍴R
1
⍬≡⍸⍬
1
⍸1 0 1 1 1 0 1
0 2 3 4 6
⍸'Now is the time'=' '
3 6 10
⍸2 3 4
0 0 1 1 1 2 2 2 2
⍸⎕←2 3⍴⍳4
0 1 2
3 0 1
0 1 0 2 0 2 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 2
⍸1 2 3⍴⍳4
0 0 1 0 0 2 0 0 2 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 2
∇ Z←(Txt Rep) txtrep Z;a
[1] ⍝ Replace Txt in Z with Rep.
[2] :Assert 2=⍴⍴Z ⋄ :Assert (⍴Txt)≡⍴Rep
[3] a←⍸Txt⍷Z
[4] Z[⊃⊃¨,¨/¨a+⊂0(0..¯1+⍴Txt)]←((⍴a),⍴Rep)⍴Rep
∇
'Now' 'Who' txtrep 4 13⍴'Now is the time...'
Who is the ti
me...Who is t
he time...Who
is the time.